How to join yarn
Sooner or later every knitter starts to care about better look of the back side of her work and not only the front. We can use several ways to join yarn without worrying about knots or yarn ends.
The easiest way is to make sailor’s knot. That’s the method used at the factories to join the cut yarn. The sailor’s knot is used mostly at the end of the row (fabric selvage) and sometimes you’ll have to lose a few tens cm. of the yarn. So, let’s try. Take two yarn ends and put one above the other, so that the left yarn end will be above the right one.
Twist the ends.
Make the loops at the free ends.
Twist them again. Watch the way the yarn end enters the loop – if a yarn end lies above the other end when entering the loop, it should be the same way when coming out of the loop.
Tighten the yarn carefully and make a knot. The loose ends can be hidden at the end of the work by weaving them through the selvage stitches.
The second method is used when you have to join yarn in the middle of the row or in circular knitting. We need a yarn needle or embroidery needle with blunt tip.
Thread the needle with one end of yarn and work the needle through the second yarn end.
Work the needle through the yarn for about 10 cm. In picture below I worked the needle only for 5 cm (the needle length), just as example.
Pull the yarn end out and if needed (when yarn is loose or slippery) sew it with a usual needle and thread to fasten it off. The yarn join is finished. The fabric will be a little bit thicker at the joint place.
The third method is called Russian join. We’ll also need a yarn needle. Russian join is perfect for changing different yarn colors and in circular knitting. First, we knit up to the point where the yarn should be changed, attach a pin or a needle and unravel 5-7 stitches. Thus, we’ve marked the yarn joining point.
Thread the needle with one end of yarn and work the needle through the plies of yarn starting from the point where the pin is fastened up to the last working stitch on the needle.
Pull your working yarn through, leaving a small loop at the end.
Insert a new piece of yarn into the loop.
Like you did before, thread the needle with the second yarn and work the needle through it.
Give each strand a little tug. You now have a secure join!
All the above methods are good for knitting projects. Next time I’ll show how to join yarn in crochet when thickness of the yarn can affect the fabric evenness.